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Alvi Rashid

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  • published In-Depth: FGM in Global Awareness Program (GAP) 2017-05-01 10:40:42 -0400

    In-Depth: FGM

    May Discussion Guide: In-Depth: FGM

    FGM affects more than 140 million girls and women and can be found in more than 27 countries in the African subcontinent as well as in North America, Europe, and Australia — making it a global priority. If current trends continue, 15 million additional girls will be subjected to it by 2030. In order to fully eliminate FGM, it’s paramount to understand its socio-cultural influence and learn from successful anti-FGM initiatives.

    View the printable discussion guide here

     

    FGM 101

    FGM: fe·male gen·i·tal mu·ti·la·tion, noun. Also known as FGM/C.

    all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It is also sometimes referred to as female genital cutting or female circumcision.

    Quick facts:

    - The most common age for girls to undergo FGM is from birth through age 15, but they can experience long-term effects on their physical, sexual, and emotional health.

    - Health issues from FGM include severe bleeding, cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth increased risk of newborn deaths.

    - FGM is a human rights violation and has no known health benefits.

    - However, FGM is considered an important part of many cultures. As you read the following resources, be sure to note why this may be, in order to better understand the difficulties in eradicating the practice.

    Before you discuss FGM, make sure to check out this comprehensive Q& A on FGM by Human Rights Watch to better understand what the procedure entails.

     

    Eliminating FGM by 2030

     

    Sustainable development goals set by the United Nations include ending female genital mutilation by 2030. This video shares the experiences of several girls and women as well as describes how communities are mobilizing to extinguish FGM.

    - Describe the different influencers that are involved in ending FGM.

    - Do you believe being educated is enough to prevent girls from undergoing FGM? Why or why not?

    The Role of School Teachers

    This article discusses the importance of school teachers in identifying and reporting situations of FGM abuse.

    - Why is it important for teachers to understand their students’ cultural backgrounds and have knowledge of issues their communities face?

    - The article cites that many teachers were hesitant to address FGM because they did not want to offend parents. How does this article dispel that theory?

     

    Can FGM be eradicated in a generation?

    This podcast transcript brings together several experts, including women who have experienced FGM, to discuss the influence of policy, education, and culture on the procedure. There are many instances where their opinions differ, especially when it comes to using words like culture and norm. This goes back to our previous discussions on how language is incredibly important and can shape the discourse on particular issues. Make note of how the usage of certain words have impacted the movement to eliminate FGM.

    - How has national policy and legislation helped or hindered the fight against FGM?

    - What are steps governments, ngos’ and other decision makers need to take to prevent the “othering” of girls and women who have undergone FGM?

     

    Alternate Rite to Passage

    In many societies, FGM signifies that a girl has evolved into a woman and is ready for the next phase of her life. Read this article or watch this short documentary on how villages in Kenya are redefining their coming-of-age ceremonies.

    - How does the ceremony lay the foundation for long-term change in how FGM is viewed?

    - Observe how the ceremony includes all the players in FGM (parents, cutters, men).  Is this necessary? Why or why not?

     

    Take Action

    FGM is a harmful but very significant socio-cultural practice. Before we can discuss solutions we must understand its role in societies in which it’s practiced. Part of this is to reflect on your own culture. You may do this during a roundtable discussion on FGM. Here are some discussion points to consider:

    - What social traditions can you draw parallels to, in your own cultures especially? What medical or social practices continue due to social pressure and tradition, even if they aren't logical or are unhealthy?

    - FGM serves as a marker of womanhood. How is this being changed?

    - What can you and your community do to help eradicate FGM?

     

    Click here to share on Twitter: Female Genital Mutilation affects more than 140 million girls all over the world. A must see: https://goo.gl/9loien #STFbridgestheGAP   

    Use #STFBridgestheGAP to share with us and we’ll share your post about activism and advocacy to inspire others!

     

     

     

  • published Health and Women in Global Awareness Program (GAP) 2017-04-03 11:19:07 -0400

    Health and Women

    April Discussion Guide: Health and Women

    Women's health issues directly affect one in every two people and indirectly affect everyone. Despite this, women’s health issues are sometimes neglected by the governments that are in place to safeguard them. This discussion guide will explore some of the health issues faced by women.

    View the printable discussion guide here

     

    The health facts:

    The following are from the World Hunger Association’s  top 10 issues affecting women’s health:

    - Maternal Health: Almost 300,000 women died from complications in pregnancy and childbirth.

    - HIV: Young women with HIV are particularly vulnerable to tuberculosis, one of the leading causes of death for women aged 29-50 in low income countries.

    - Sexually Transmitted Infections: Syphilis that is untreated is responsible for more than 200,000 stillbirths and fetal deaths a year.

    - Violence: 1 in every 3 women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by a partner or non-partner.

    - Mental Health: Suicide is a leading cause of death for women under 60.

    Maternal health

    Despite the fact that most maternal deaths are preventable, many women still die during childbirth. This chilling video explains why. 

    - Were you surprised by any of the facts that were presented in this video? Explain why.

    - How did you feel learning about the primary reason women die during childbirth?

     

    Technology is not a one-stop solution

    Cameroon has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world. In 2012, Alain Nteff founded Gifted Mom, a mobile phone app that provides soon-to-be and new mothers in Cameroon with vital information.

    This article discusses Nteff’s position on technology as a holistic solution to systemic problems.

    - The article refers to “leapfrogging systems.” What are these and what are their benefits?

    - How does Nteff differentiate between the responsibilities between technology and governments? Can you identify a problem where you live where both technology and the government have a role in solving? How so?

     

    The politics of menstrual hygiene

    Menstruation, periods, menses: It goes by different names, but they all mean the same thing. This article focuses on the stigma and shame around menstruation.  

    - Consider the first time you learned about menstrual cycles. What were your thoughts and feelings at the time?

    - Instagram, a mobile photo sharing app, censored artist Rupi Kaur for posting a photo of herself in bed with a period stain. What do you think of their decision?

    - The article takes the stance that the current culture around periods is misogynistic. Do you agree? Explain why or why not.

     

    The influence of culture & tradition

    Chhau·padi, noun. Chhaupadi is a social tradition, mainly practiced in the Western part of Nepal, which stems from a sect of Hinduism in which girls and women live outside the home for the duration of their menstruation.

    Chhaupadi was outlawed in Nepal in 2005 but is still revered. First,  watch this short documentary that presents multiple perspectives on chhaupadi. Second, read this article on what is being done on the grounds to counteract the harmful aspects of chhaupadi.

    - How did tradition, gender, and age interact with the practice of Chhaupadi? What influenced the difference (or transformations) in opinions?

    - What is WaterAid doing in regards to Chhaupadi? Do you think this is a step in the right direction? Explain why or why not.

     

    Take Action

    Research health issues affecting women in your community. After identifying an issue (or a set of issues) you would like to raise awareness for, consider hosting an event. Check out the ideas below:

    - Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women. Early detection is key in fighting breast cancer. You might consider bringing in an expert to discuss how to do a self-breast exam and other proactive ways to tackle breast cancer.

    - Most cases of women dying during childbirth are preventable. Consider hosting a panel discussion on the role of education in the elimination of preventable maternal mortality.

     

    Click here to share on Twitter: Women's health directly affects one in every two people and indirectly affects everyone. https://goo.gl/YI9Hmg #STFbridgestheGAP  

    Use #STFBridgestheGAP to share with us and we’ll share your post about activism and advocacy to inspire others!

     

  • Economic Security and Empowerment

    March Discussion Guide: Economic Empowerment and Security 

    From unpaid work to being given less access to capital, assets, and business opportunities, research has shown that women around the world are faced with large economic inequalities. However, this negative  can be turned into a positive: research has also shown that economically empowering women leads to huge gains for whole countries and their GDPs.

     View the printable discussion guide here.

     

    The facts

    - Globally, women are paid less than men. In most countries, women earn only 60 to 75 percent of men’s wages.

    - A study using data from 219 countries from 1970 to 2009 found that for every one additional year of education for women of reproductive age, child mortality decreased by 9.5 percent.

    - Women could increase their income globally by up to 76 percent ($17 trillion USD) if the employment participation gap and the wage gap between women and men were closed.


    For more facts, click here.

     

    “My mother doesn’t work”

    “My mother doesn’t work.” This sentence also comes in the forms “my mother is a housewife” or “she’s a stay-at-home mom.” In a world where a person’s value can be tied to their income making ability, sentences like these often strip someone’s importance. Read the article here and observe the distinction made between work and nonwork.

    - The article states that “unless women’s non-market work is monetised and added to the GDP, miscalculations [devaluing women’s work] would continue to occur.” Explain what this means.

    - How does women’s non-market work enable their partners to do market work? Think about the cost of purchasing meals or hiring a babysitter.

     

    Timeline: women & their money

    This timeline on women and their rights in regards to money begins with Cleopatra.

    - Was there anything in this timeline that you were surprised by? If so, what  was it?

    - This timeline ends in 2014. What significant moments have taken place since then?

     

    Jargon to know:

    Economic Empowerment: The capacity of women and men to participate in, contribute to and benefit from growth processes [i.e. employment] in ways that recognise the value of their contributions, respect their dignity and make it possible to negotiate a fairer distribution of the benefits of growth.

    Economic Security:The condition of having stable income or other resources to support a standard of living now and in the foreseeable future. Also known as financial security.

    Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year. GDP is often used as an economic indicator.

    Five myths about global women’s economic empowerment

    It’s important for advocates to learn about the arguments used against the issues they are championing for. This Guardian article dispels several myths circulating amongst economic development circles regarding women’s economic empowerment.

    - Before reading this article, reflect on what you know regarding women’s economic empowerment. You may consider questions like who you think needs (or does not need) economic empowerment and if this is dependent on location. How does this practice make you more self-aware of internal biases?

    - How is women’s economic participation different from women’s economic empowerment?

    - The article discusses that women should not be considered as a uniform group. What do you think? Please consider an example to demonstrate your point of view.

     

    “Oh, look at how money changes things.”

    Bangladesh’s top positions have been occupied by women for the past 20 years. This article discusses what Bangladesh has been doing to replicate women’s leadership at the grassroots level

    - How does earning money empower Rani Mondal? How does it shift the power dynamics in her marriage?

    - What are initiatives Bangladesh is taking to foster women’s empowerment?

    - Describe how this gives way to women being more civically engaged in their communities and local governments.

     

    Take Action

    Raise awareness in your community on how climate change affects women by acting it out like this activity from STF East Carolina University:

    Women in water-scarce areas walk nearly 10 miles with buckets of water for basic activities such as cooking, hydration, and cleaning. Ask each member of your chapter to carry water (STF ECU carried 15 liters) to understand the time and effort in doing so.  

     

    Click here toshare on Twitter: Women could increase income globally by $17 trillion: http://bit.ly/1EQd4MA #STFbridgestheGAP

    Use #STFBridgestheGAP to share with us and we’ll share your post about activism and advocacy to inspire others!

  • Environment

    February Discussion Guide: Women and the Environment

     

    “Women’s rights are human rights...and human rights’ are women’s rights.” To many, it’s a mantra that guides their gender equality activism.  But how about “climate change affects women’s rights and women’s rights affects climate change”? This informative article and quick video demonstrate how climate change affects women and girls — you may want to get a pen and piece of paper ready.  

    View the printable discussion guide here

     

    The global water crisis

    In a 2016 press release, UNICEF reported that the 200 million hours women and girls spent collecting water every day is a waste of time.

    “Just imagine: 200 million hours is 8.3 million days, or over 22,800 years. It would be as if a woman started with her empty bucket in the Stone Age and didn’t arrive home with water until 2016. Think how much the world has advanced in that time. Think how much women could have achieved in that time."

    –Sanjay Wijesekera

    Chief of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene at UNICEF

    The global water crisis is an intersection of an increasing population, a limited freshwater supply, climate change, and water resource management. Read this Q & A that delves deeper into the factors contributing to the water crisis and why it’s a women’s issue.

    - List all the ways women and girls are affected by the water crisis.

    - Research water issues in your community. How can you and others take action?

    A healthy-ish alternative

    The simple act of cooking can be dangerous, especially when wood, charcoal, or dung are being used in open fire. This is the case for 3 billion of the world’s poorest people. This article discusses what’s being done to combat indoor air pollution from cooking.

    The cleaner, healthier cookstoves are described as being an imperfect solution. How is it possible for a solution to be progressive and “imperfect”? Why is acknowledging the setbacks of a solution important, and what can be learned from this?

    Jargon to know:

    Climate Change: A long term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth.

    Ecofeminism: A movement or theory that applies feminist principles and ideas to ecological issues

    Global Warming: The increase in Earth’s average surface temperature due to rising levels of greenhouse gases.

    Sustainable Development: Development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.  

    Delving deeper: women and natural disaster

    In December 2004, a deadly tsunami decimated South and Southeast Asia — taking with it over 200,000 lives. OxFam International reported that up to four times more women died than men. In fact, women are more likely at large to die during a natural disaster than men are. This article discusses why women are disproportionately affected environmental related tragedies.

    - Identify the factors that contributed to women being more susceptible to fatality. Can you think of alternate solutions that would address one of the factors? For example, many women did not survive because they did not know how to swim. A solution could be to create a “women’s only” swimming class that would be both informative and culturally-sensitive/appropriate.

    - Consider the quote from the article below. What do you notice about the assumptions the author makes regarding the audience? The author uses the word “liberate” — how does this strip others of their agency? How would you rephrase this sentence to be more inclusive and empowering?

    So, as we contemplate World Population Day, we should be asking ourselves what we have learned, so that we can truly liberate the world’s most vulnerable populations from the cultural, economic, and political chains that bind them 

    The key to success (for the environment)

    Women work intimately with the environment around them to provide for themselves and their families and are integral to climate action. Despite this, women are not at the decision-making table for climate change. Read this articleand thisfact sheeton women’s roles in climate action.

    - What fact affected you the most? Describe why.

    - In what ways are women already agents of change for climate action?

    Take Action

    Raise awareness in your community on how climate change affects women by acting it out like this activity from STF East Carolina University:

    Women in water-scarce areas walk nearly 10 miles with buckets of water for basic activities such as cooking, hydration, and cleaning. Ask each member of your chapter to carry water (STF ECU carried 15 liters) to understand the time and effort in doing so.  

     

    Click here to share Climate change affects women’s rights and women’s rights affect climate change. Find out how: http://bit.ly/2jDVy80. #STFbridgestheGAP. on Twitter.
    Use #STFBridgestheGAP to share with us and we’ll share your post about activism and advocacy to inspire others!
  • published Advocacy & Activism in Global Awareness Program (GAP) 2016-10-31 15:05:37 -0400

    Advocacy and Activism

    December Discussion Guide:  Advocacy & Activism

     

    Whether you’re celebrating a holiday or relaxing, we’re pretty sure you’re spending some time home this month. This is the perfect time to share everything you’ve been learning through GAP. We’re giving you tips and tricks on how to be an advocate and activist for gender equality in sports, women’s participation in government and refugees & migrants.

    View the printable discussion guide here

    Girls & Women in Sports

    This video presents a multitude of facts that are a great starting point for your discussion. What we find most shocking? Regarding how to increase the popularity of women’s soccer/football, Sepp Blattner, former president of Fifa, said “They could, for example, have tighter shorts. Female players are pretty, if you excuse me for saying so, and they already have some different rules to men - such as playing with a lighter ball. That decision was taken to create a more female aesthetic, so why not do it in fashion?”

    How to carry on the conversation:

    Step #1: Use a fact from the video above and share it with someone. Gauge the response, their reactions can be telling and lets you know how to carry the conversation.  

    Step #2: If they aren’t surprised, ask them why. Follow up with a second point of why it’s unfair. For example, for the quote above you may say “It’s demeaning for their hard work and skill to be reduced to their clothing. What does this say to younger girls who are watching? It says that it doesn’t matter if they are talented and great athletes- the only thing that matters is how they look.”

    Step #3: If they are surprised, take that as a positive sign and build on it. Continuing with the quote above, you can ask if they watch women’s sports. It could be that they never realized they were engaging in behavior that perpetuated barriers that discourage girls and women from participating in sports.

    Revisit the September Discussion Guide here.

    Women’s Participation in Government

    Issues like female genital mutilation, wage inequality and access to education dominate discussions on gender equality. Women’s participation in government often gets put on the backburner but when in government, women are agents of change. They put issues such as the ones stated above on the legislative agenda.

    Here are a few things you can mention in a discussion on why women in government is important:

    • 50% of the world’s population is female but the same cannot be said for the percentage of women in national parliaments- which stands at 22%. Governing bodies make important decisions that affect women, their families, and their realities. It’s crucial that women are given a voice at the negotiating table.

    • Women are more likely than their male colleagues to build consensus. A study by the University of Virginia found that bills (proposals for laws) introduced by women went farther than bills introduced by men. Other findings in the study include that women sponsor more bills and collect more co-sponsors on bills than their male colleagues.

    Revisit the October Discussion Guide here.

    Refugees and Migrants

    Many activists, journalists and think tanks believe the international refugee system is broken. Their opinion is not without reason. The current system was set up after 1945 to legally protect and assist World War II refugees. Several things have changed since then. For example it is unclear when conflict in the home countries of refugees will end, raising the question if they will have the opportunity to return.  Combine that with the sheer number and diversity of refugees, we’re looking at different needs and concerns making it crucial for the international refugee system to be re-evaluated.

    While that is happening at the policy level, there are many things that we can do at home. Start by debunking the myths below:

    Myth #1: Most refugees end up in the United States and other Western countries.

    80% of refugees live in camps in countries neighboring their own, with the top five refugee hosting countries being Turkey, Pakistan, Lebanon, Iran, and Ethiopia. These countries are often low-income and facing their own challenges beyond the influx of new residents.

    Myth #2: Refugees are safe once they have left their home countries.

    The danger does not stop once they have fled from crisis. Many continue to face hunger, poverty, and persecution due to their foreign status. Women and girls are especially vulnerable. Research conducted by Amnesty International found that “many reported that in almost all of the countries they passed through they experienced physical abuse and financial exploitation, being groped or pressured to have sex by smugglers, security staff or other refugees.”

    Myth #3: Refugees drain the economies of countries they are resettled in.  

    Studies  from  Denmark to Uganda to the United States indicate that refugees have “a positive or at least neutral effect” on their host country’s economy and wages.  Initially supporting refugees through paperwork, temporary housing and resettlement does incur costs, but as Michael Clemens from Migration and Development Initiative at the Center for Global Development says, “There’s not any credible research that I know of that in the medium and long term that refugees are anything but a hugely profitable investment.”

    Myth #4: Refugees are a security threat.

    There is no concrete evidence to support this claim. The process to become a refugee is incredibly rigorous and there are several vetting methods used to ensure the safety of all people involved. For example, of the 800,000 refugees admitted in the United States since 9/11, not a single person has carried an act of domestic terrorism.
    Revisit the November discussion guide here.
  • published Refugees & Migrants in Global Awareness Program (GAP) 2016-10-31 14:37:18 -0400

    Refugees & Migrants

    November Discussion Guide: Refugees & Migrants

     

    This month we're discussing refugees and migrants. View the printable discussion guide here

    One: Making progress... or are we?

    In September, 193 countries agreed unanimously on the New York Resolution at the United Nations General Assembly. By agreeing, they have committed themselves to protecting the human rights of all refugees and migrants. This is especially timely as 244 million refugees and migrants living in the world. However, there are many that remain skeptical if it will amount to anything. Read here.  

    The author’s main criticisms of the New York Resolution include it’s vague language and lack of an action plan. After reading the resolution yourself, do you think the author’s criticism is valid and why? What would you include in this resolution?

    Two: Education for Refugees

    “Of the six million primary and secondary school-age refugees under UNHCR’s mandate, 3.7 million have no school to go to” according to a report by The United Nations Refugee Agency on the status of education for refugee youth. Read the introduction to learn more about the state of education for refugee children and youth.

    Watch this short documentary on the lives of Syrian children living in refugee camps in Lebanon and their struggle to be educated.

    Read this article on refugee students in the U.S. standing up for proper education.

    The New York Resolution affirms the rights of refugee youth to receive an education. But the obstacles they face to obtain an education vary greatly, as demonstrated by the pieces above. It gets even more complicated when you consider the diversity of cultures and languages refugees represent. Brainstorm with your group on how you would create an education system that would serve the needs of refugee youth. Some things you may want to consider are the curriculum they should be educated in, resettled refugees versus those living in detention camps, and how to hold nations accountable for what they agreed to.

    Three: Migrants or refugees?

    There is a surge in Central Americans entering the United States, leaving behind frightening conditions at home. Many of them are children traveling by themselves for hundreds of miles. This makes answering the question of whether they are migrants or refugees even more important than ever. Read about the difference between refugees and migrants in the U.S. here.

    Have you ever considered undocumented immigrants as refugees or asylum seekers? Do you believe that Centrals Americans entering the United States illegally to escape danger should be treated as migrants or as refugees? Are they viewed differently than Syrian refugees and why?

    Four: State of migrant children in the US

    Unaccompanied migrant children entering the U.S.illegally are brought to detention centers. Although this article discussing the conditions in which the children live in is from two years ago, not much has changed. Make sure to check out the photos that depict life in a detention center for children.

    Were you surprised by the conditions the children lived in? How does this compare to photos you’ve seen of refugee children? Earlier, you brainstormed ways to create a refugee education system. Where would migrant children fall in your system?

    Pause: check your language

    In the United States, the term “illegal” immigrant is used to describe a person who did not legally immigrate or overstayed their visa. Its usage can be dehumanizing and strips the described person of dignity. Using illegal to describe a person is also grammatically incorrect because people are not illegal, only actions are. A growing number of politicians  and publications, including the Associated Press, are choosing the more appropriate expression, “undocumented” immigrant.

    Take action

    Raise awareness on refugees by hosting a roundtable discussion in your community. Invite an expert such as someone who has experienced being a refugee or a professor who has studied the issue. Here are some discussion points to touch upon:

    - What is a refugee? How is refugee status different from that of a migrant or an immigrant?

    - Due to recent media attention, when people think of refugees, they often think of the war in Syria. Use this discussion to spotlight the plight of refugees from other regions of the world.

    - Discuss stereotypes people have of refugees and the inaccuracy of those stereotypes.

  • published Women & Girls in Sports in Global Awareness Program (GAP) 2016-09-21 13:11:36 -0400

    Women & Girls in Sports

    Click here to download the PDF version of our September discussion guide. 

    September Discussion: Sports & Education 

    For each girl that gains access to sports and physical education, it brings the world another step closer to gender equality. Beyond access, barriers to participation include disproportionate media coverage, a lack of corporate sponsorships, non-inclusive clothing and even the low number of women working in sports news. It’s no wonder that 7 out of 10 girls feel they don’t belong in sports. This month, we’ll discuss how girls’ and women’s participation in sports go hand in hand with education.

    The menstrual hygiene company Always jump-started a conversation on girls’ empowerment and sports in 2014 when they launched their #likeagirl campaign with this video.  It highlights the sudden disappearance of girls’ participation in sports as they give into societal pressures and stereotypes of girls’ roles in sports.

    Observe how the meaning of “like a girl” changes as girls’ get older.

    Does the expression “like a girl” exist where you live? If not, are there expressions that give similar connotations? Brainstorm ways you can you change what it means to play sports “like a girl” in your community to prevent younger girls from being deterred from participating in sports.

     

    Women & Sports 101

    “In many countries, it has been recognized that sport can be a force to amplify women’s voices and tear down gender barriers and discrimination,” says Lakshmi Puri, UN Women Deputy Executive Director. This transcript of her speech thoroughly discusses the obstacles women and girls’ face in sports.

    List all the barriers women and girls face in regards to sports. Which of these were you aware of and why? More importantly, which of these were you not aware of and why not? What is the UN’s approach to using sports to end gender inequality?

     

    Body Changes Are Driving Teen Girls Out of Sports

    You may already know that girls begin to drop out of sports during puberty. But did you know a recent study discovered it was because of their attitudes towards their developing breasts? Learn more here.

    Were you surprised by the study’s findings? Can you or anyone you know relate to this? What are the differences in the approach of assigning protective sports gear for boys and girls? Identify the solutions presented in the article. Which one do you think is most impactful and why? Conversely, why do you think the others are not as helpful?

     

    Sports and School for Girls in Nepal

    This video follows the life of Sabita, a 13-year-old Nepali soccer player and student. It provides insight on how sports can be used as a tool to incentivize attending school and is key in personal development.

    What role do sports play in Sabita’s life and how has this influenced her schoolwork? What point is she making when she says “I tell them, not only boys eat rice. We do too”? How has her family changed their attitudes toward education and sports? How do they support her? What is the relationship among sports, girls, and education where you live?

    Taking the issue to campus

    Sports events are notorious for gathering large amounts of people at a given time. It’s an opportunity to share what you learned by taking the most surprising facts from this month’s discussion guide (or others that you’ve learned along the way) and putting them on flyers. Hand them out at your school’s next game. Make sure to include your chapter’s/school’s social media accounts so they know where to find you for more info!

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